World History Homework Six Answers - Student Eleven
1. Identify the time period of the Middle Ages, and when the Crusades occurred within that period: The Middle Ages lasted from A.D. 500-1500. The Crusades were a series of wars which lasted almost 200 years, from A.D. 1096-1291. During this time only two of the Crusades were successful, the First one which was an immense success and the Third Crusade which was not as successful as the First but not a failure like the others.
2. Who conquered the largest contiguous region in world history, and when?: Chinggis Khan, also known as Genghis Khan lived from 1162-1227 and was considered a military genius. Khan always dreamed of creating the biggest empire in world history, and he followed through with his dream and succeeded. Khan led the Mongols from 1206-1227 and it was he who conquered the largest contiguous empire in world history.
- Correct again!
3. Which of these modern countries were able to establish nation-states in the Middle Ages, and which were not: Germany, France, England and Italy?: Unlike France and England, Germany and Italy were not a success when it came to establishing nation-states in the Middle Ages. Otto I “the Great” tried to form a nation-state in Germany, he allied himself with the pope and attempted to establish a “Holy Roman Empire”. All of his attempts toward this were not a success and failed. Italy failed to emerge, and many fights broke out between city-states which lasted for centuries.
- Superb, may use as a model.
4. Pick your favorite medieval architecture and describe something about it: Back in the Middle Ages the architecture was astounding. There were two main styles, Romanesque which appeared more throughout the early years, and the Gothic design which became more popular throughout time. Both are extremely pretty, and very unique. My favorite would be the Gothic design though, just because of the windows. The Romanesque had small windows where as the Gothic had large windows to let natural light in.
- Right. Note that a defining feature of Gothic architecture is its pointed arches.
5. Pick one of the African kingdoms described in the lecture, and explain it: The Kingdom of Aksum is located in present-day Ethiopia. This Kingdom traced it roots of Aksum to the migration of Arabs across the Red Sea into Africa in 1000 B.C. The Kingdom of Aksum established a language called “Ge’ez” which was a Semitic language that used Arabic characters, and controlled the southwestern portion of the Arabian Peninsula. The ruler of this kingdom was Ezrana. Ezrana was a great ruler who conquered Kush and completely destroyed the city of Meroe. Later on Ezrana converted to Christianity and a Coptic Church formed in the kingdom. Aksum is most known for developing a coin currency and its architectural style, “stele”. This kingdom lasted until A.D. 700 when the Muslims came in and destroyed Adulis, which was a big trading city, and conquered the Kingdom of Aksum.
- Terrific description.
6. Pick your favorite aspect of Scholasticism, and describe something about it, or your view of it: Scholasticism was both a method and system which aimed to reconcile the Christian Theology. I think Scholasticism was a good idea, many people are confused about the Christian faith and don’t know what to make of it, they often think that it is impossible. Scholasticism shows that there are ways for it to be possible by using reason. One of the main reasons that people believe God in non-existent is because they think it cannot be proved, but Scholasticism provides a method to help prove that there is in fact a God.
7. Current events: What was the biggest effect of the Crusades in the Middle Ages, and why do people avoid using the term "Crusade" today?: The Crusades were a series of wars that covered almost 200 years of history. Many of the Crusades were not a success, in fact only two were successful and the rest failed. The purpose of the Crusades was to make Jerusalem a safe place for Christian pilgrimages. People today have different views on the Crusades. Some people, mainly Christians, are in complete agreement with them and even compare them to the United States’ invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq. Yet others completely avoid the comparison between the two because the Crusades remain a controversial issue, mainly by opponents of Christianity who claim that it was unjust violence by Christians.
- Excellent description. May use as a model.
- Perfect work! 70/70. Congratulations!