Vulture

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Turkey vultures and black vultures

(photo obtained from Flickr, see: license agreement)

A vulture is a scavenger well-known for the eating of carrion. It is considered unclean by the Jews.


Species

New World vultures

Found in the Americas, these birds are characterized from Old World vultures by a reliance on scent to find a carcass. Five genera, seven species:

  • Genus Cathartes
Lesser yellow-headed vulture, Cathartes burrovianus
Greater yellow-headed vulture, Cathartes melambrotus
Turkey vulture, Cathartes aura
  • Genus Coragyps
Black vulture, Coragyps atratus
  • Genus Gymnogyps
California condor, Gymnogyps californianus
  • Genus Sarcoramphus
King vulture, Sarcoramphus papa
  • Genus Gymnogyps
Andean condor, Vultur gryphus

Old World vultures

Found in Europe, Africa, and Asia, these birds rely on sight to find carrion; they are further characterized from New World vultures by the presence of a feathered neck and head in most species. Nine genera, sixteen species:

  • Genus Aegypius
Eurasian black vulture, Aegypius monachus
  • Genus Gypaetus
Lammergeier, Gypaetus barbatus
  • Genus Gypohierax
Palm-nut vulture, Gypohierax angolensis
  • Genus Gyps
Cape griffon vulture, Gyps coprotheres
Griffon vulture, Gyps fulvus
Himalayan griffon vulture, Gyps himalayensis
Long-billed vulture, Gyps indicus
Ruppel's vulture, Gyps rueppelli
Slender-billed vulture, Gyps tenuirostris
White-backed vulture, Gyps africanus
Indian white-rumped vulture, Gyps bengalensis
  • Genus Necrosyrtes'
Hooded vulture, Necrosyrtes monachus
  • Genus Neophron'
Egyptian vulture, Neophron percnopterus
  • Genus Sarcogyps'
Red-headed vulture, Sarcogyps calvus
  • Genus Torgos'
Lappet-faced vulture, Torgos tracheliotus
  • Genus Trigonoceps'
White-headed vulture, Trigonoceps occipitalis
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