Lord Chief Justice (UK)
The Lord Chief Justice is an Officer of State and the highest ranking judge in the United Kingdom. Traditionally the second highest post in the judicial ranking, but when the Constitutional Reform Act, 2005 came into force in 2006, the Lord Chief Justice became head of the judiciary of England and Wales. Previously this role had been held by the Lord Chancellor. The Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland is the head of the judiciary in Northern Ireland while this role in Scotland is held by the Lord President of the Court of Session.