Jiu-jitsu

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Jiu-jitsu ( 柔術; jujutsu, "Gentle art") is a Japanese martial art and origin of Judo.

Contents

Names

In the first half of the 20th century, the words jiu-jitsu and ju-jitsu were preferred. In many places they still been used for this art. Ju-Jitsu in France, Canada, Mexico and the United States and Jiu-Jitsu in Germany and Brazil.

The term "jujutsu" was coined in the 17th century. Before that, it was called taijutsu ("physical skill"), yawara ("softness"), wajutsu ("harmonious art"), and even Judo, which dates as early as 1724, nearly almost 200 years before Jigoro Kano created Kodokan Judo.

Origin

This martial art was created by Samurai in feudal Japan for fighting at close range with or without a weapon. Over time, the civilians eventually adapted jujutsu and created many different styles (ryu). Those styles often emphasized different points in the skill, such as striking, grappling, and locks.

Jujutsu styles

  • Kito-ryu
  • Yoshin-ryu
  • Tenjin Shinyo-ryu
  • Sekiguchi-ryu
  • Araki-ryu
  • Miura-ryu

Techinques

Jujutsu is an unarmed grappling art. Throws, pinning techniques, jointlocks, chokes, and defenses are its basics. Often, jujutsu has striking techniques which make use of the body's vital points. More dangerous skills such as biting, gouging, and scraping are fairly common in some jujutsu styles.

Judo takes its techniques from Tenjin Shinyo-ryu, Yoshin-ryu, and Kito-ryu, but the more dngerous techniques (i.e. biting, gouging) were removed.

See also

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