John Tyler

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John Tyler
JohnTyler1859Healy.jpg
10th President of the United States
Term of office
April 4, 1841 - March 4, 1845
Political party Whig Party
Vice President None
Preceded by William Henry Harrison
Succeeded by James K. Polk
10th Vice-President of the United States
Term of office
March 4, 1841 - April 4, 1841
President William Henry Harrison
Preceded by Richard M. Johnson
Succeeded by George Dallas
Born March 29, 1790
Charles City County, Virginia
Died January 18, 1862
Richmond, Virginia
Spouse Letitia Christian Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Religion Episcopalian

John Tyler was the 10th President of the United States of America and first to succeed a President without being elected.

Born on his father's estate of Greenway Plantation, Virginia, Tyler was elected to the Senate in 1827 and remained there until 1836 when he ran for Vice President (this would be the last time Presidents and Vice Presidents ran separately.) He ran the next year with Harrison as Presidential candidate and himself as Harrison's running mate causing the slogan "Tippecanoe and Tyler too" to come to be.

When Harrison died of pneumonia, Tyler became the President. At the time it was disputed what the substitution of the President was meant to be and ex-President John Quincy Adams sent him letters signed to "The acting President." Tyler was expelled from the Whig Party and eventually supported James K. Polk in 1844.

Tyler was the only President to join the secession of the south and be elected to an office there. He died in 1862 before he could begin much active duty for the Confederacy.[1] [2]

As President, Tyler's first act was to proclaim a National Day of Fasting and Prayer, declaring:[3]

When a Christian people feel themselves to be overtaken by a great public calamity, it becomes them to humble themselves under the dispensation of Divine Providence, to recognize His righteous government over the children of men...and to supplicate His merciful protection for the future.

In his 2nd Annual Message to Congress in 1842, President Tyler stated:[4]

The schoolmaster and the missionary are found side by side.

References

  1. Encyclopedia of Presidents John Tyler by Dee Lillegard, Children's Press
  2. Encyclopedia of Presidents James K. Polk by Dee Lillegard, Children's Press
  3. http://www.amerisearch.net/index.php?date=2004-03-29&view=View
  4. id.


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