Typical Orthodox icon representing Our Saviour
, literally 'image breaking', is a Greek
term for the rejection of the veneration of images (or icons). The practice of destroying religious images was justified as an interpretation of the Second Commandment
and was supported by the Byzantine
(or eastern Roman) emperor in the 8th century.
Following the Reformation, Protestant and Puritan reformers in the 16th and 17th centuries also engaged in iconoclasm, believing religious imagery to be idolatrous and sinful.