Harvey Bernard Milk (May 22, 1930 – November 27, 1978) was an American politician, and the first openly gay man to be elected to public office in California. He served as a member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors. On November 27, 1978, he and Mayor George Moscone were shot and killed by Dan White, a disgruntled, Democratic former Supervisor who had resigned earlier.
At his trial, Dan White's lawyers insisted that his judgment had been impaired by depression caused by a poor diet. This argument (dubbed the "twinkie defense" by the media) led to a lenient sentence, provoking rioting and protests within San Francisco's gay community