Carl Otto Nicolai

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Carl Otto Ehrenfried Nicolai (June 9, 1810 - May 11, 1849) was a German composer, conductor, and founder of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra. Nicolai is best known for his operatic version of Shakespeare's comedy "The Merry Wives of Windsor" (Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor) written in 1848. In addition to five operas, Nicolai composed lieder, works for orchestra, chorus, ensemble, and solo instruments.

He died an early death from apoplexy. His memory is maintained by the VPO with its annual end-of-season "do" being a "Nicolai concert" with the proceeds going to the orchestra's pension fund.

Reference: "The Oxford Companion to Music"

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