Canada Day or Fête du Canada is the Canadian equivalent to Independence day. It is celebrated to commemorate the passing into law of the British North America Act, which legally declared the colonies of Canada, the precursors to the modern nation. Under the Federal holidays act, Canada day is a public holiday, and public non-essential services are stopped.
On July 1st, 1867, the colonies of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the Province of Canada, were joined, creating the Dominion of Canada, consisting of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario, and Quebec. While this act granted Canada status as a nation, most power remained with the British Parliament, until 1982, when the Constitution act was ratified.
Canada Day, unlike it's American version, is a largely decentralized celebration, without any common consensus on how to celebrate it. Most commonly, fireworks and Red and White colors are displayed. It is celebrated in all the provinces and territories of Canada. In Quebec, the federalist nature of the celebration leads to some friction, especially when the Fête nationale du Québec is considered.