Battle of Poison Spring

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Battle of Poison Spring
Began:

April 18, 1864

Ended:

Same day

Location:

Ouachita County, Arkansas

Theater:

Trans-Mississippi Theater

Campaign:

Camden Expedition

Outcome:

Confederate victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

Marmaduke’s and Maxey’s Divisions

Commanders

James M. Williams
Colonel, USA

John S. Marmaduke
Brigadier General, CSA
Samuel Bell Maxey
Brigadier General, CSA

Strength

1,100

Casualties

301

114

  

Dwindling supplies for his army at Camden, Arkansas, forced Maj. Gen. Frederick Steele to send out a foraging party to gather corn that the Confederates had stored about twenty miles up the Prairie D’Ane-Camden Road on White Oak Creek. The party loaded the corn into wagons, and on April 18, Col. James M. Williams started his return to Camden. Brig. Gen. John S. Marmaduke’s and Brig. Gen. Samuel B. Maxey’s Confederate forces arrived at Lee Plantation, about fifteen miles from Camden, where they engaged Williams. The Rebels eventually attacked Williams in the front and rear forcing him to retreat north into a marsh where his men regrouped and then fell back to Camden in Ouachita County. The Union lost 198 wagons and all the corn. (NPS summary)

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