Battle of Fort Macon

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Battle of Fort Macon
Began:

March 23, 1862

Ended:

April 26, 1862

Location:

Bogue Banks, Carteret County, North Carolina

Theater:

Eastern Theater

Campaign:

Burnside’s North Carolina Expedition

Outcome:

Union victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

Parke’s Division

Fort Macon Garrison

Commanders

John G. Parke
Brigadier General, USA

Moses J. White
Lieutenant Colonel, CSA

Strength

3259
2649 actually present for duty[1]

450
263 actually ready for duty[2]

Casualties

15
Killed: 2
Wounded: 5
Captured: 8[3]

424+
Killed: 8
Wounded: 16
Captured: 400 est.[4]

  

In late March, Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside’s army advanced on Fort Macon, a third system casemated masonry fort that commanded the channel to Beaufort, 35 miles southeast of New Berne. The Union force invested the fort with siege works and, on April 26, opened an accurate fire on the fort, which soon breached the masonry walls. Within a few hours the fort’s scarp began to collapse, and the Confederates hoisted a white flag. This action demonstrated the inadequacy of masonry forts against large-bore, rifled artillery. (NPS summary)

References

  1. Official Records (Army) Series I, v. 9, p. 381)
  2. Trotter, William R. Ironclads and columbiads, Joseph F. Blair, 1989; p. 141.
  3. Official Records (Army) Series I, v. 9, pp. 272, 281, 295.
  4. Official Records (Army) Series I, v. 9, p. 294.
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